Reference Management

Modern reference management programmes can do far more than simply collect and manage bibliographic data and create bibliographies.

  • They enable direct data import from library catalogues, databases, the Web and PDF files.
  • Not only citations are managed in the data collection, but the corresponding files as well (e.g. PDF, DOC, XLS, TXT, HTML, ...).
  • The range of functions also includes automatic enhancement with full-text documents.
  • The numberous tools permit a detailed search through all the information and files saved in your own data pool, thus providing good support for the indexing and structuring of contents.
  • A multitude of citation styles are available for publishing. They create the desired form of the bibliography and can be modified or even completely re-created by the user.

Comparison of reference management systems

Software comparison of the Reference Management by the Technical University of Munich [DE]

Central University Library

Berthold-Beitz-Platz Campus

Felix-Hausdorff-Straße 10
17489 Greifswald
Tel.: +49 3834 420 1515

Here are some of the particular strengths of Citavi and EndNote:


  • offers functions such as knowledge organisation and task planning in addition to reference management
  • focusses on ease-of-use and in addition to diverse standard citation formats also offers other possibilities that can be generated for creating complicated forms of citation, a great benefit especially for humanities scholars.
  • For example, users appreciate the import via ISBN lists and the Citavi Picker, that can generate metadata from different types of texts as well as
  • the simple transfer fo the data into other structures (Excel, RIS,...)
  • The Citavi Team licence supports working in teams.


  • particularly flexible in the handling and structuring of the collected data (groups and sub-groups)
  • a multitude of output formats/citation styles (well over 5,000)
  • uses all essential publishing products, especially medical and scientific ones (focussed on the English language sector)
  • the search function enables a refined search in linked databases
  • the close interlinking of Microsoft Word and OpenOffice with EndNote enables the immediate representation of ready formatted citations that were inserted during publishing
  • and allows the user to "return" the bibliography from the Word document to the EndNote database
  • EndNote Basic, seperately or together with EndNote, supports the reference work in research groups.

Courses for the reference management systems

Citavi Courses